The lower back is a sensitive spot for many people. While there can be a ton of causes of lower back pain, a weak core and poor posture from sitting all day (and consequently shortening the hip muscles that then pull on the lower back) are two really common contributing factors to lower back aches and discomfort. It’s always important to figure out what’s causing pain so you can address it and prevent it from happening again. But in most situations, doing some gentle yoga can help relieve tightness and give your lower back some relief.
If your lower back pain is more of a general achiness or discomfort, it’s worth trying some yoga stretches to address any tightness and alignment issues.
Here are the stretches
Child’s Pose — 1 to 3 minutes
“Child’s Pose takes the pressure off your lower back by elongating and aligning the spine, which decompresses it and gives you a nice stretch,”
Kneel on your mat with your knees hip width apart and your feet together behind you. Take a deep breath in, and as you exhale, lay your torso over your thighs. Try to lengthen your neck and spine by drawing your ribs away from your tailbone and the crown of your head away from your shoulders. Rest your forehead on the ground, with your arms extended out in front of you. Hold for one to three minutes.
Cat/Cow — 1 to 3 minutes
It allows for a nice flexion and extension of the spine, promotes mobility, and “it also helps to just relieve any tension in the lower back.” Cat/Cow also helps you get familiar with what your neutral spine is—not too arched and not too rounded—which can help improve posture.
Start on all fours with your shoulders over your wrists and hips over knees. Take a slow inhale, and on the exhale, round your spine and drop your head toward the floor (this is the “cat” posture). Inhale and lift your head, chest, and tailbone toward the ceiling as you arch your back for “cow.” Do this for one to three minutes.
Downward Facing Dog — 1 to 3 minutes
Down Dog is a great way to stretch out your hamstrings and calves. If you’re extra tight, you can bend your knees a little bit to make the stretch more comfortable.
From Child’s Pose, keep your hands on the floor, sit up on your knees, and then lift your butt and press back into Downward Facing Dog. Spread your fingers wide. Work on straightening your legs and lowering your heels toward the ground. Relax your head between your arms, and direct your gaze through your legs or up toward your belly button. Hold for one to three minutes.
Standing Forward Bend
This stretch also stretches out the backs of the legs and lengthens the spine, both of which relieve the lower back. Modify by keeping the knees slightly bent if straightening your legs hurts your back.
From Downward Facing Dog, slowly step forward to the top of your mat. Stand with your feet shoulder width apart. Straighten your legs out as much as you can and let your torso hang down. Tuck your chin in toward your chest, relax your shoulders, and extend the crown of your head toward the floor to create a long spine. Hold for one to three minutes.
Sphinx Pose — 1 to 3 minutes
“Sphinx pose creates a nice natural curve of the lower back,” It also engages your abs a bit, which is helpful for supporting the lower back.
Lie on your stomach, legs together and straight out behind you. Place your elbows under your shoulders and your forearms on the floor as you lift your chest up off the floor. Press your hips and thighs into the floor, and think about lengthening your spine while keeping your shoulders relaxed. Sit up just enough to feel a nice stretch in your lower back. Don’t hyperextend, and stop immediately if you start to feel any discomfort or pain. Hold this position for one to three minutes.
Knees to Chest with Slow Rock — 1 to 3 minutes
Add a slow rocking motion to this basic stretch, it gives you a nice, natural body weight massage.
Lie on your back. Hug both knees into your chest. Slowly rock your torso back and forth while firmly holding onto your legs. Do this for one to three minutes.
Reclined Pigeon Pose — 1 to 3 minutes, each leg
The move, also known as “figure-four,” stretches the hips, butt, and inner thighs, Tyler says.
Lie on your back. Cross your left foot over your right quad, and bend your right knee. Hold the back of your right leg and gently pull it toward your chest. When you feel a comfortable stretch, hold there for one to three minutes. Switch sides and repeat.
Reclined Supine Twist — 1 to 3 minutes
For some people, twisting movements can irritate the lower back. If this stretch starts to hurt, stop doing it. You can also try putting a towel underneath your knees to help you ease into it if you’re super tight.
Lie on your back.
Hug your knees into your chest. Then, drop both knees over to one side as you twist your torso in the opposite direction.
Try to keep your knees and hips in line with each other as you draw them toward the floor, and keep your chest as square to the ceiling as you can.
Hold this stretch for one to three minutes, and then repeat on the other side.